An Engineer is the most intelligent form of a human. It is not just a statement. It explains a detailed story. A doctor risks life at a time. A lawyer risks a case at one attempt. A Chef risks a meal at once. But being an engineer, one bears a great responsibility, as a collapsed bridge can end thousands of lives at once. A crashed plane can destroy hundreds of families in an instance. A failed dam can digest thousands of villages and cities in a matter of time. So, being an engineer is one of the greatest responsibilities, one can bear in a lifetime. Not only a responsibility towards lives, but also towards progress and development. History of mankind evolved around the success stories of scientists and engineers.
No wonder, engineering is the most preferred career option among science students nowadays. And, as our modern education system focuses on specialization, students have many streams to have opted while taking admission in an engineering college. Here we are trying to discuss and explain some of the most common and popular streams (also known as branches) of modern engineering course system.
- Computer Science & Engineering
Computers have been proved true salvation for human greed of knowledge and development in last 3 decades. So, this is not hard to understand, why Computer Science and Engineering branch is one of the most popular and important branch of engineering since last many years. Today, when computers have already secured, their presence in primary school curriculum and is an essential part of kid’s collection at home as their favorite pass time tool, they are undoubtedly have become an invincible part of human life. Computer Science Engineering involves study, research and development related to architecture, management and deployment of Information Systems and Applications, which intend to manage or utilize both software and hardware systems. Being a Computer Science Engineer, one can opt for an impressive career in System Development, Telecommunication Industry, Database Administration, Application Development, Hardware Research and Development, Multimedia Applications Development and many more directions.
- Electronics & Communications Engineering
Communication has been a key factor in the process of development of the mankind. Electronics have been an important part of human life in last 100 years. Invention of Radio, Telephone and Television initiated this revolution, and later on with the reduced cost of technology, their next generation devices have changed the lifestyle totally. Nowadays, smart phones, smart watches, smart cameras, smart glasses and many more innovative gadgets have changed one’s life overall. Electronics and Communications Engineering provides an opportunity to study and research in a field of information broadcasting and transmission over various medium such as cables, radio signals, fiber optics etc. An Electronics and Communication Engineer may opt to work in various segments like designing electronics equipment, R&D related to new age smart gadgets, integrated circuits and software interface etc.
- Mechanical Engineering
We can say that the traces of existence of Mechanical Engineering can be easily underlined from 3500 BC that is the time of invention of wheel. Invention of wheel is considered as the most important invention of this world. Mechanical Engineering contributes to the most of the machines; we are surrounded with from a nail cutter to stone crusher, from a tea pot holder to a huge earth mover, from a zip in a dress to the biggest dam in the world, Mechanical Engineers have made our life very easy and productive over the years. Mechanical Engineers work around manufacturing and designing of machines, assembling and maintenance of power plants, engines and huge machines etc. Automobile industry is one of the biggest stack holders in Mechanical Engineering Industry. Mechanical Engineering stream is mainly focused on research and development of machine designs and implementations. It is an integral part of aerospace industry, automobile industry, heavy machine manufacturing industry and civil engineering.
- Civil Engineering
The man is a social creature and loves to build society and live as a part of societies. These social establishments include colonies and markets, comprising of buildings and other constructions. So, with the inception of civilization, civil engineering has been an instrumental part of human lifestyle and habitat. Civil Engineering revolves around conceiving, planning and implementation of design, structure and architecture of physical constructions and natural establishments. By becoming a Civil Engineer, one can seek a career in Building Construction, Real Estate Development, Construction Engineering, Urban Planning, Bridges and Dams Design and Construction, Environmental and Land Use Technician etc.
- Electrical Engineering
Invention of Electricity was a revolutionary incident in human history of science and development. Availability of Electricity later proved essential for the utility and application of most of the inventions and discoveries achieved. Today, we cannot even imagine our life without Electricity. Electricity has become so essential for human life that Governments are being judged on the parameter of efforts made in order to make electricity available for the last man in society. Due to its importance, Electrical Engineering is termed as an evergreen branch of engineering. A Best Engineering College essentially offers this stream in their institutes for sure. Electricity Engineering deals in development and maintenance of generation and distribution system of electricity. It is a kind of real time industry, as electricity cannot be stored in a huge volume. For small scattered short-term backup uses batteries, inverters and UPS(s) can be used to stored and utilize electricity. An Electrical Engineer can work as an engineer in various segments like generation and distribution of electricity, quality and security control in electrical systems, design and manufacturing of various electric components etc.
So, these were 5 most important streams of engineering education. We will discuss 5 more streams in the next part of these write-ups.